Science of Climate Change

The students should acquire the following skills:

1) Understanding of the fundamental notions of meteorology and climatology;
2) Knowledge and ability to about reason the climate system, the energy balance of the atmosphere, the
dynamics of the atmosphere and oceans;
3) Knowledge and ability to reason about radiative forcing, the greenhouse effect and the carbon cycle;
4) Knowledge and ability to reason about the history of Earth’s climate and paleoclimatology;
5) Knowledge and ability to reason about present observations of climate change in the atmosphere,
cryosphere and ocean;
6) Knowledge of: Modelling the climate system, general circulation models, dynamic and statistical
downscaling.
7) Knowledge about future projections of climate at global and regional scales.

Syllabus:

1 – Basic notions of meteorology and climatology. Characteristics and composition of the atmosphere. General
circulation of the atmosphere.
2 – Understanding the climate system and the causes of climate variability.
3 – Energy balance of the atmosphere and dynamics of the atmosphere and oceans.
4 – Radiative Forcing, greenhouse effect and the carbon cycle.
5 – History of the Earth’s climate and analysis of the major causes of variability. Methodologies reconstruction
of past climates. Paleoclimatology.
6 – Recent observations of climate change in the atmosphere, ocean and cryosphere.
7 – Modelling the climate system. General circulation models of the atmosphere. Dynamic and statistical
downscaling.
8 – Future climate scenarios. Climate projections at the global and regional scale. Uncertainties involved in
climate scenarios.