Optional - Area of Social Sciences or Environmental Sciences or Technology

The program has established a set of linkages with other PhD programs, benefiting from courses on specificareas, usually optional courses, allowing the satisfaction of students’ special interests and needs, namely: MIT Portugal PhD Program, providing courses on sustainable energy; PhD Program on Landscape, Biodiversity and Society on Economic Valuation of the Environment (ISA-UTL); PhD program on Environmental Engineering: Strategic Assessment and Sustainabilkity (IST-UL); PhD Program on Sociology on Research Laboratory, Practices in Transition and Theoretical Debates in Sociology (ICS-UL); PhD Program on Geography and Territorial Planning on Problematic and Methodologies in Geography and Territorial Planning and Seminar for Specialty in Environment and Natural Resources (UNL-FCSH)